There are very few diseases that can cause the shock and dismay people have when they test positive for HIV/AIDS. Standing for human immunodeficiency virus, HIV is the virus that causes the onset of AIDS. HIV attacks the body’s CD4 cells. Over time, the virus multiplies and gradually destroys a vast number of these cells in our bodies.
Since CD4 cells are in charge of the body’s immune function, their reduction over time inhibits the capacity to fight diseases. Once the CDT count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter, an individual acquires AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). With this condition, even the easiest of diseases for healthy individuals to combat becomes extremely difficult for to manage. In fact, many people who contract AIDS succumb to diseases such as malaria whose treatment is readily available.
Currently, 1.2 million people are living in the United States infected with HIV/AIDS. Sadly, more than 12 percent of this population are unaware they have the disease. As such, they cannot take any measures to prevent its spread to others. Additionally, the disease’s prevalence continues to increase each year.